After the War

When the war was over, the entire story of breaking the Enigma machine was kept secret for many years. Apart from a few exceptions, people went on with their lives and most of the Bombes were dismantled. The captured Enigma machines ended up in the vaults of CG&GS (now: GCHQ) and the NSA, or were given to other countries with the message that they could not be broken.

In countries like Norway, Germany and Austria, theEnigma-I was used for many years after the war, until they were replaced by newer and better equipment. It is believed that the machine was also used in several African countries.

Funnily enough, there are no reports about the use of Enigma by the Russians, although it is pretty certain that they must have captured some machines. For a long time it was assumed that the Russians had no knowledge about the Allied achievements in WWII codebreaking, but it now seems likely that they were well informed.

In 1956, the Russians introduced the first version of a very advanced rotor-based cipher machine that was codenamed Fialka. The machine had 10 cipher wheels and featured irregular wheel stepping, with the wheels moving in both directions. More importantly, they had found solutions for all Enigma’s weaknesses, such as the fact that a letter can never be encoded into itself.

 atsisiųsti (1)

                           Russian Fialka

 

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